In today's lesson, we'll see a detailed step by step proof of the vertical angles theorem, which says that opposite angles of two intersecting lines are congruent. Plus, learn how to solve similar problems on your own!

## The Theorem

The Vertical Angles Theorem states that the opposite (vertical) angles of two intersecting lines are congruent.

## The problem

Prove: ∠1 ≅∠3 and ∠2 ≅ ∠4

## Proof

(1) m∠1 + m∠2 = 180° // straight line measures 180°

(2) m∠3 + m∠2 = 180° // straight line measures 180

(3) m∠1 + m∠2 = m∠3 + m∠2 // transitive property of equality, as both left-hand sides of the equation sum up to the same value (180° )

(4) m∠1 = m∠3 // subtraction property of equality (subtracted m∠2 from both sides)

(5) ∠1 ≅ ∠3 // definition of congruent angles

Similarly, for ∠2 ≅∠4:

(1) m∠3 + m∠2 = 180° // straight line measures 180°

(2) m∠3 + m∠4 = 180° // straight line measures 180°

(3) m∠3 + m∠2 = m∠3 + m∠4 // transitive property of equality, as both left hand sides of the equation sum up to the same value (180° )

(4) m∠2 = m∠4 // subtraction property of equality (subtracted m∠3 from both sides)

(5) ∠2 ≅ ∠4 // definition of congruent angle

And thus we have proven the theorem.

## Quod erat demonstrandum

Often, you will see proofs end with the

## Strategy: How to solve similar problems

Ok, great, I’ve shown you how to prove this

Well, in this case, it is quite simple. All we were given in the problem is a couple of intersecting lines. And the only definitions and proofs we have seen so far are that a line’s angle measure is 180

This problem has two sets of two supplementary angles which make up a straight line. So that’s the hint on how to proceed. Make use of the straight lines – both of them - and what we know about supplementary