In a square, the diagonals bisect each other. This is a general property of any parallelogram. And as a square is a special parallelogram, which has all the parallelogram’s basic properties, this is true for a square as well.
We have proven this property for any parallelogram, and we’ll repeat this proof here for square.
ABCD is a square. Show that its diagonals bisect each other, that is prove that AO=OC and BO=OD.
We will use congruent triangles, just like we did in the general case, because that is the simplest way to show that two line segments are equal.
In a square, all the sides are equal by definition. So if we look at the triangles formed by the diagonals and the sides of the square, we already have one equal side to use in the Angle-Side-Angles postulate.
The angels are congruent as the sides of the square are parallel, and the angles are alternate interior angles.
(1) ABCD is a square //Given
(2) AD = BC //(1) , Definition of a square, all sides are equal
(3) AD||BC //(1), a square is a parallelogram, opposite sides are parallel
(4) ∠OBC ≅ ∠ODA //Alternate Interior Angles Theorem
(5) ∠OCB ≅ ∠OAD //Alternate Interior Angles Theorem
(6) ΔOBC ≅ ΔODA // Angle-Side-Angle
(7) BO=OD // Corresponding sides in congruent triangles (CPCTC)
(8) AO=OC // Corresponding sides in congruent triangles (CPCTC)