If we inscribe a kite is in a circle (that is, all four of its vertices lie on the circle’s circumference), then the axis of symmetry of the kite is the circle’s diameter, as we will now show.
ABCD is a kite that is inscribed in circle O. Show that AC is the diameter of the circle.
We’ve previously discussed which quadrangles can be inscribed in a circle, and have shown that such quadrangles have opposing angles that are supplementary – they add up to 180°. In addition, we also know that in a kite, the opposing angles on either side of the axis of symmetry are equal.
Therefore, putting these two facts together, we see that this kite’s opposing angles are both supplementary and equal, which means they must be 90° each – and by the inscribed angle theorem they subtend an arc that is 180° – and thus the chord of that arc is the diameter.
(1) m∠ABC + m∠CDA= 180° //Opposing angles of an inscribed quadrangle are supplementary
(2) m∠ABC = m∠CDA //Opposing angles on either side of a kite’s axis of symmetry are equal.
(3) m∠ABC = m∠CDA =90° //(1), (2), Transitive property of equality and algebra.
(4) Arc(ABC)=Arc(CDA) = 180° //(3), Inscribed angle theorem
(5) AC is the diameter of O //Definition of diameter